Types of Family Structures

Types of Family Structures

 

Family Structures

The following types of families exist today, with some families naturally falling into multiple categories. For example, a single parent family who lives in a larger, extended family. While these types of families are distinct in definition, in practice the lines are less clear.

Nuclear Family

The nuclear family is the traditional type of family structure. This family type consists of two parents and children. The nuclear family was long held in esteem by society as being the ideal in which to raise children. Children in nuclear families receive strength and stability from the two-parent structure and generally have more opportunities due to the financial ease of two adults. According to U.S. Census data, almost 70 percent of children live in a nuclear family unit.

SingleParent Family 

The single parent family consists of one parent raising one or more children on his own. Often, a single parent family is a mother with her children, although there are single fathers as well. The single parent family is the biggest change society has seen in terms of the changes in family structures. One in four children is born to a single mother. Single parent families are generally close and find ways to work together to solve problems, such as dividing up household chores. When only one parent is at home, it may be a struggle to find childcare, as there is only one parent working. This limits income and opportunities in many cases, although many single parent families have help from relatives and friends.

Extended Family

The extended family structure consists of two or more adults who are related, either by blood or marriage, living in the same home. This family includes many relatives living together and working toward common goals, such as raising the children and keeping up with the household duties. Many extended families include cousins, aunts or uncles and grandparents living together. This type of family structure may form due to financial difficulties or because older relatives are unable to care for themselves alone. Extended families are becoming increasingly common all over the world.

Childless Family

While most people think of family as including children, there are couples who either cannot or choose not to have children. The childless family is sometimes the “forgotten family,” as it does not meet the traditional standards set by society. Childless families consist of a husband and wife living and working together. Many childless families take on the responsibility of pet ownership or have extensive contact with their nieces and nephews as a substitute for having their own children.

Stepfamily

Over half of all marriages end in divorce, and many of these individuals choose to get remarried. This creates the stepfamily which involves two separate families merging into one new unit. It consists of a new husband and wife and their children from previous marriages or relationships. Stepfamilies are about as common as the nuclear family, although they tend to have more problems, such as adjustment periods and discipline issues. Stepfamilies need to learn to work together and also work with their exes to ensure these family units run smoothly.

Grandparent Family

Many grandparents today are raising their grandchildren for a variety of reasons. One in fourteen children is raised by his grandparents, and the parents are not present in the child’s life. This could be due to parents’ death, addiction, abandonment or being unfit parents. Many grandparents need to go back to work or find additional sources of income to help raise their grandchildren.

Sallie E (LOWE) SIMMONS

Sallie E (LOWE) SIMMONS

Sallie E (LOWE) SIMMONS
Sallie E (LOWE) SIMMONS

 

 

Name Sallie E (LOWE) SIMMONS
Born 10 Dec 1891 Carroll County, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location
Gender Female
Residence 1900 Beat 4, Carroll, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  [2]
Marital Status: SingleRelation to Head of House: Daughter
Residence 1910 Leflore, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location
Residence 1910 Beat 3, Leflore, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  [3]
Marital Status: SingleRelation to Head of House: Daughter
Died 3 Dec 1985 Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location
Notes 
  • Memorial Services were held Thursday, Dec. 5, 1985, at 2 p.m. from Spring Hill M.B. Church for Mrs. Sallie Simmons, 93, of Greenwood, a retired domestic. Mrs. Simmons died in a house fire Tuesday, Dec. 3, at her residence.

    A member of Spring Hill M.B. Church, Mrs. Simmons is survived by two daughters, Mary Simmons and Mrs. Octavia Hill, both of Greenwood, a son, Shep Simmons, Jr. of Greenwood, 25 grandchildren and 40 great-grandchildren.

    Services were preached by the Rev. W.M. Evans and burial was in Hogue Cemetery. Community Mortuary, Inc. handled arrangements.

    The Winona Times
    Winona, MS
    December 19, 1985

Person ID I41 Family and Kin | Lowe
Last Modified 4 Jun 2016 | Edit

 

Father Miles LOWE,   b. 1868, Georgia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1930, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 63 years)
Mother Henrietta / Henretta (HARRIS) LOWE,   b. Mar 1875, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location
Married 21 Jan 1888 Carroll, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location
Census Image

United States Census, 1910, Lowe

United States Census, 1910, Lowe
United States Census, 1910, Lowe

miles-low_record_image1900census

miles-low_record_image1900census
miles-low_record_image1900census
Family ID F34 Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

 

Family John Shepard / Skip SIMMONS, Sr.,   b. 25 Dec 1888, New Bern, Craven, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Apr 1976, Greenwood, Leflore, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 87 years)
Married 1911
Children 
+ 1. Miles Luther SIMMONS,   b. 8 Jun 1914, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jan 1979  (Age 64 years)
+ 2. Mary Henrietta SIMMONS,   b. 1 May 1916,   d. 3 Jun 2002  (Age 86 years)
3. Isilena / Isolina SIMMONS,   b. 1918
+ 4. Lorie (SIMMONS) MILLER,   b. 1921, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
5. Octavious / Octavia (SIMMONS) HILL,   b. 6 Jan 1922,   d. 30 May 1991  (Age 69 years)
+ 6. John Shepard SIMMONS, Jr.,   b. 16 Aug 1923, Minter City, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Dec 1986, Greenwood, Leflore, Mississippi Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
Census Image

United States Census, 1920 for Shep Simmons

United States Census, 1920 for Shep Simmons
United States Census, 1920 for Shep Simmons

United States Census, 1930 for Skip Simmon

United States Census, 1930 for Skip Simmon
United States Census, 1930 for Skip Simmon
Last Modified 1 May 2015 | Edit
Family ID F20 Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

 

  • Photos

    Sallie_Simmons.jpg

    Sallie_Simmons.jpg
    Headstones

    Sallie_Simmons_headstone

    Sallie_Simmons_headstone
    Sallie_Simmons_headstone
    Census Image

    United States Census, 1940, Shep Simmons

    United States Census, 1940, Shep Simmons
    United States Census, 1940, Shep Simmons

    United,States,Census,1910,Beat,3,Leflore,Mississippi

    United,States,Census,1910,Beat,3,Leflore,Mississippi
    Citing this Record

    “United States Census, 1910”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MPD9-WQX : accessed 25 October 2015), Miles Lowe, 1910.

  • Sources 
    1. [S12] FindaGrave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=81905452 (Reliability: 3).
    2. [S-2124728548] 1900 United States Federal Census, http://familyandkin.com/genealogy/browsemedia.php?mediatypeID=censusfiles, (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration), Year: 1900; Census Place: Beat 4, Carroll, Mississippi; Roll: 803; Page: 12A; Enumeration District: 0020; FHL microfilm: 1240803.
    3. [S-2124728500] 1910 United States Federal Census, http://familyandkin.com/genealogy/browsemedia.php?mediatypeID=censusfiles, (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration), Year: 1910; Census Place: Beat 3, Leflore, Mississippi; Roll: T624_749; Page: 14B; Enumeration District: 0069; FHL microfilm: 1374762.

 

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Marriage Family and Kinship

Marriage Family and Kinship

Marriage is an institution that admits men and women to family life. Edward Westermarck defined marriage as the more or less durable connection between male and female lasting beyond the mere act of propagation till after the birth of offspring. Lowie defined it as a relatively permanent bond between permissible mates. Malinowski defined marriage as a contract for the production and maintenance of children. According to Lundberg Marriage consists of the rules and regulations that define the rights, duties and privileges of husband and wife with respect to each other. According to Horton and Hunt marriage is the approved social pattern whereby two or more persons establish a family. According to Anderson and Parker marriage are the sanctioning by a society of a durable bond between one or more males and one or more females established to permit sexual intercourse for the implied purpose of parenthood. According to John Levy and Ruth Monroe people get married because of the feeling that being in a family is the only proper indeed the only possible way to live. People do not marry because it is their social duty to perpetuate the institution of family or because the scriptures recommend matrimony but because they lived in a family as children and cannot get over the feeling that being in a family is the only proper way to live in society.