Abbreviations Found in Genealogy

Abbreviations Found in Genealogy| B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J-K | L | M | N | O | P | Q-R | S | T | U | V | W | X-Y |

Note: The use of periods and capitalization may not be consistent in all sources.

  • a. – about, age, acre, ante, aunt
  • a.a.r. – against all risks
  • AASP – American Antiquarian Society Proceedings
  • ab. – about; abbey
  • abbr. – abbreviation
  • abd. – abdicated
  • Abp. – Archbishop
  • abr. – abridged; abridgment
  • abs. or abstr. – abstract
  • abt. – about
  • AC – Ante Christum; ancestor chart
  • a.c. – attested copy; account current
  • acad. – academy
  • acc. – according to; account; accompanied
  • acco. – account
  • accu. – accurate
  • ackd. – acknowledged
  • actg. – acting
  • Ad – adopted; AdCl – adopted child; AdD – adopted daughter, etc.
  • AD – [Latin] Anno Domin
  • adj. – adjoining; adjutant; adjourned
  • adm. – admission; admitted
  • admin. – administration; administrator
  • Admon. – letters of administration
  • admr. – administration
  • af. or afft. – affidavit
  • aft. – after
  • a.k.a. – also known as
  • AL – American Legion
  • ald. – alderman
  • alleg. – allegiance
  • a.l.s. – autographed letter signed
  • als. – alias
  • anc. – ancestry; ancestor; ancient
  • annot. – annotated
  • ano. – another
  • anon. – anonymous
  • ant. – antiquary; antonym
  • antiq. – antiquary; antiquities; antiquity; antiquarian
  • a.o. – account of
  • AOP – American Order of Pioneers
  • Ap – apprentice
  • APG – Association of Professional Genealogists
  • APJI – Association for Protection of Jewish Immigrants
  • app. – apprentice; aprpoximately; appendix; appointed
  • App. Div. – Appelate division
  • appr. – appraisment
  • apprd. – apprised; appeared
  • approx. – approximately
  • apptd. – appointed
  • appx. – appendix
  • ar. co. – artillery company
  • arr. – arrived
  • ascert. – ascertain(ed)
  • ASG – American Society of Genealogists
  • asgd. – assigned
  • asr. – assessor
  • assn. or assoc. – association
  • asso. – associated; associate
  • Asst – assistant
  • At – Attendant
  • atty. – attorney
  • au. – gold
  • aud. – auditor
  • a.w.c. – admon. (letters of administration) with will and codicil annexed
  • AWOL – absent without leave

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  • b. – born; bondsman; banns; book; birth; bachelor; brother
  • ba. – bachelor; baptized
  • bach. or batch. – bachelor
  • bap or bapt. – baptized; baptism
  • B.B. – Bail Bond
  • BBoy – bound boy
  • bcer – birth certificate
  • BCG – Board for Certification of Genealogists
  • b.d. or bdt. – birth date
  • bd. – bound; buried
  • bec. – because; became
  • bef.– before
  • bet. – between
  • BGirl – bound girl
  • BIA – Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • b.i.l. or Bl – brother-in-law
  • biog. – biography
  • bish. – bishop
  • bks. – books; barracks
  • bl. – bibliography
  • BLM – Bureau of Land Management
  • BLW – Bount Land Warrant
  • B.M. – Bench Mark; British Museum
  • bndsmn. – bondsman
  • Bo – boarder
  • bo or bot. – bought; bottom
  • b.o.t.p. – both of this parish
  • bp. – baptized; birthplace
  • bpl. – birthplace
  • bpt. – baptized
  • Br. – British
  • br. or bro – brother
  • bro-i-l – brother-in-law
  • B.S. – in court records, Bill of Sale
  • B.T. – Bishop’s Transcripts
  • bur. or bu – buried

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  • c. – cousin; circa; codicil
  • ca. – circa
  • Cap or capt. – captain; captured; captivity
  • CAR – National Society, Children of the American Revolution
  • catal. – catalogue
  • cath. – cathedral
  • CC – County Clerk; county court, county commissioner; company commander
  • CCP – Court of Common Pleas
  • CDA – Colonial Dames of America
  • CDIB – Certified Degree of Indian Blood
  • cem. – cemetery
  • cen. or cens. – census
  • cent. – century
  • cer. or cert. – certificate
  • cf. – confer
  • CG – Certified Genealogist
  • CH – Court House
  • ch. – child; children; church; chief, chaplain
  • Cha – chamber maid
  • chan. – chancery
  • chldn. or chn. – children
  • ch/o – child of
  • chr. or chris.– christened
  • cir. – circa
  • civ. – civil
  • CJ – County Judge
  • Cl – child
  • clk. – clerk
  • cod. – codicil
  • CO – commanding officer; Colonial Office
  • co. – county; company
  • C of A – Coat of Arms
  • col. – colony; colonel
  • coll. – college; collections
  • com. – commissioner; commander; commentary; committee; common; commoner; communicate, companion
  • comm. – commissioners
  • comp. – company
  • confer. – conferred
  • conject. – conjecture
  • cont. – continued
  • contr. – contract
  • corp. – corporal
  • couns. – counsellor
  • cous. – cousin
  • coven. – covenant
  • c.r. – church report
  • CRA – Church Records Archives
  • crspd. – correspond; correspondence
  • c.s. – copy signed
  • CSA – Confederate States of America
  • csn. – cousin; cousins
  • ct. – court; citation; county
  • CW – Civil War; church warden

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  • d. – died; death; daughter
  • DA – District Attorney
  • da. – daughter; day
  • DAB – Dictionary of American Biography
  • DAC – National Society of the Daughters of the American Colonists
  • DAR – Daughters of the American Revolution
  • dau. or daugr – daughter
  • dau-i-l – daughter-in-law
  • daus. – daughters
  • DAV – Disabled American Veterans
  • DB – Domesday Book
  • DC – District of Columbia; Deputy Clerk; Deputy County Clerk
  • DCG – Descendants of Colonial Governors
  • d. & coh. – daughter and coheiress
  • d’d. – deceased
  • dea or deac. – deacon
  • dec. or dec’d – deceased
  • decis. – decision
  • degr. – degree
  • dep. – deputy; depot
  • dept. – department
  • desc. – descendant
  • DFPA – Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America
  • devis. – devised
  • d. & h. – daughter and heiress
  • dil. – daughter-in-law
  • dio. – diocese
  • dis. – discharge
  • discip. – discipline
  • dist. – district
  • div. – division; divided; divorced; divinity
  • d/o – daughter of
  • do. – ditto
  • doc or docum. – document
  • dom. – domestic
  • dpl. – death place
  • DR – Daughter of the Revolution; Diocesan Registry
  • dr. – doctor; dram
  • d.s. – document signed; died single
  • ds. – deaths; daughters
  • dsct. – descendant
  • d.s.p. – [Latin] descessit sine prole; died without issue
  • d.s.p.m. – [Latin] descessit sine prole mascula; died without male issue
  • dt. – date
  • dto. – ditto
  • dtr. – daughter
  • dt’s. – delirium tremens
  • dum. or d. um. – died unmarried
  • DVF – Society of the Descendants of Washington’s Army at Valley Forge
  • d.y. – died young

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  • E. – East or eastern
  • easi. – easily
  • ecux. – executrix; a female executor
  • E.D. – Enumeration District
  • ed. – edited; edition; editor
  • educ. – education; educated
  • Emp – employee
  • En – engineer
  • Eng. – England
  • eno. – enough
  • ens. – ensign
  • ensu. – ensuing
  • est. – estate;established
  • establ. – establishment
  • estd. – estimated
  • etc. – [Latin] etcetera; and so forth
  • et. vir. – and husband
  • exc. – except; excellency; excepted; exchange
  • exec. or exor. or exr. – executor
  • exox. – executrix
  • exs. – executors
  • exx. – executrix

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  • f. – father; female; folio; feast; feet; farm; following
  • fa. – father
  • F.A. – Field Artillery
  • FaH – farm hand; FaW – farm worker
  • fam. – family; families
  • FARC – Federal Archives and Records Centers (branches of the National Archives
  • FASG – Fellow American Society of Genealogists
  • father-in-l – father-in-law
  • F.B. – Family Bible
  • f.e. – for example
  • ff. – following (pages), foster father
  • FF’s – First Families
  • FFV – First Families of Virginia
  • FGRA – Family Group Record Archives
  • FGS – Federation of Genealogical Societies
  • FHC – Family History Center
  • FHL – Family History Library
  • Fi – fireman
  • fidel. – fidelity
  • fil. or f.inl or FL – father-in-law
  • f.m. – free mulatto
  • FM – foster mother
  • f.n. – free negro
  • foll. – following; followed
  • FR – Family Registry
  • freem. – freeman; freemen
  • ft. – foot; fort

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  • g. – grand; great
  • GA – great aunt
  • GAR – Grand Army of the Republic
  • G.B. – Great Britain
  • gch. or gcl – grandchildren
  • GD – granddaughter
  • gdn. – guardian
  • GEDCOM – GEnealogical Data COMmunication
  • GF – grandfather
  • GGF – great-grandfather; GGGF – great-great-grandfather, etc.
  • GH – Genelaogical Helper
  • giv. – given; giving
  • GLC – Genealogical Library Catalog
  • GLO – General Land Office
  • gm. – grandmother
  • GGM – great-grandmother; GGGM – great-great-grandmother, etc.
  • Go – governess
  • godf. – godfather
  • godm. – godmother
  • gp. – grandparents
  • GPAI – Genealogical Periodical Annual Index
  • gr. – grand; great; grant; graduate
  • g.r. – grave record
  • grf. – grandfather
  • grmo. – grandmother
  • grs. or GS – grandson
  • g.s. – grave stone
  • GSW 1812 – General Society of the War of 1812
  • Gt. Br. – Great Britain
  • gt. gr. – great grand
  • GTT – Gone to Texas
  • GU – great uncle
  • Gua – guardian

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  • h. – husband; heir; heiress
  • hdgrs. – headquarters
  • HEIC – Honourable East India Comapny
  • her. – heraldry
  • hers. – herself
  • Hh – hired hand
  • Hk – housekeeper
  • HM – His or Her Majesty, or hired man
  • HMS – Her (or His) Majesty’s Service or Ship
  • hims. – himself
  • Hist. – History
  • hist. – historian
  • hon. – honorable
  • hon. dis. – honorably discharged
  • honor. – honorary
  • honora. – honorably
  • HSA – Huguenot Society of America
  • hund. – hundred
  • hus. – husband

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  • I – inmate
  • ibid. – [Latin] ibidem; same (reference)
  • IGI – International Genealogical Index
  • ign. – ignorant
  • illus. – illustrated
  • imp. – importation
  • inc. – incorporated; incomplete
  • incl. – included; inclusive
  • Ind. – Indians
  • IND.S.C. – Indian Survivors’ Certificates
  • Ind. T. or Ind. Ter.– Indian Territory
  • Ind. W.C. – Indian Widow’s Certificate
  • inf. – infant; infantry; informed
  • info. – information
  • inh. – inherited
  • inhab. – inhabitant
  • inq. – inquiry
  • ins. – insert
  • inst. – institute; institution
  • int. – intentions; interested; interred
  • inv. orinvt. – inventory

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  • JA – Judge Advocate
  • JNH – Journal of Negro History
  • JP – Justice of the Peace
  • Jr. – Junior
  • jud or judic. – judicial; judicious
  • junr. – junior
  • jur. – [Latin] jurat; certification that a document was written by the person who signed it
  • k. – killed; king
  • kn. – known
  • knt. or kt. – knight
  • l. – license; law, or lodger
  • la or labr. – laborer
  • Lat. – Latin
  • Lau – launderer
  • lb. – pound
  • LBC – Letter Book Copy
  • LC – Library of Congress
  • ld. – land
  • ldr. – leader
  • LDS – Chuch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • l.e. – local elder in a church
  • lib. – library
  • lic. – license
  • lieut. – lieutenant
  • li. or liv. – lived; living
  • liv. abt. – lived about
  • ll. – lines
  • lnd. – land
  • l.p. – local preacher
  • ltd. – limited

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  • m. – month; male; mother; married; marriage
  • m/1, m/2 – married first, married second, etc.
  • mag. – magistrate
  • maj. – major
  • mak. – making
  • mat. – maternal
  • m.bn. – marriage banns
  • MCA – Microfilm Corporation of America
  • MCC – Microfilm Card Catalog
  • MCD – Municipal Civil District
  • MD – Doctor of Medicine; Middle Dutch
  • md. – married
  • mem. – member; membership; memorials; memoir
  • ment. – mentioned
  • messrs. – plural of mister
  • Mex. S.C. – Mexican Survivors’ Certificates
  • Mex. S.O. – Mexcian Survivorr’s Originals
  • Mex. W.C. – Mexican Widows’ Certificate
  • MG – Minister of the Gospel
  • m.h. – meeting house
  • MGH – Middle High German
  • m.i. – monument inscription
  • mi. – mile; miles
  • MIA – Missing in Action
  • mil or milit. – military
  • min. – minister
  • m-in-l or ML – mother-in-law
  • MLG – Middle Low German
  • MLW – Military Land Warrant
  • MM – abbreviation for Monthly Meeting of Society of Friends (Quakers)
  • m.o. – mustered out
  • mo. – mother; month
  • mors. – death; corpse
  • mov. – moved
  • MQ – Mayflower Quarterly
  • Mr. – Mister
  • Mrs. – Mistress
  • ms. – manuscript
  • mss. – manuscripts
  • mtg. – meeting; mortgage
  • mvd. – moved
  • my/d – my daughter

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  • N. – Negro; North
  • n. – nephew; name
  • NA – National Archives in Washington, D.C.; Native American
  • na. – naturalized
  • NARA – National Archives and Records Administration
  • NARS – National Archives and Record Service
  • nam. – named
  • nat. – [Latin] natus; birth; son; offspring
  • n.d. – no date
  • N.E. – New England; North Eeast
  • NEH – National Endowment for the Humanities
  • NEHGR – New England Historic Genealogical Register [publication of NEHGS]
  • NEHGS – New England Historic Genealogical Society
  • neph. – nephew
  • neph-i-l – nephew-in-law
  • nfi – no further information
  • nfk – nothing further known
  • NGS – National Genealogical Society
  • NHPRC – National Historical Publications and Records Commission
  • Ni – niece
  • nm. – name
  • nmed. – named
  • not. – noted
  • NP – Notary Public
  • n.p. – no place
  • nr. – none recorded; not recorded; naturalized
  • NS – New Style calendar; Nova Scotia
  • NSCDA – National Society of the Colonial Dames of America
  • NSDAR – National Society, Daughters of the American Revolution
  • Nu – nurse
  • NUCMC – National Union Catalog of Manuscript Colletions
  • nunc. – nuncupative
  • N.W. – North West
  • NWC – Navy Widow’s Certificate
  • NW. Terr. – North West Territory
  • n.x.n. – no christian name

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  • o. – oath, officer
  • O.B. – Order Book
  • ob. – obiit
  • obit. – obituary
  • o.c. – only child
  • O.E. – Old England; Old English
  • offor offic. – official
  • oft. – often
  • OM – Organized Militia
  • o.p. – out of print
  • ord. – ordained; ordinance; order; ordinary
  • org. – organization
  • orig. – origin; original
  • OS – Old Style calendar
  • o.t.p. – of this parish

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  • p. – page; per; populus; parentage; parents; pence, patient
  • Pa – partner
  • p.a. – power of attorney
  • pam. – pamphlet
  • par. – parish; parent; parents
  • pat. – patent; patented; paternal
  • pchd. – purchased
  • PE – Presiding Elder
  • peo. – people
  • perh. – perhaps
  • petitn. or petn. – petition
  • petr. – petitioner
  • ph. – parish, physician
  • PI – Preliminary Inventories
  • pion. – pioneer
  • PJP – Probate Judge of the Peace
  • PLB – Poor Law Board
  • plt. – plantiff
  • P.M. – Post Meridiem; afternoon; Post Mortem; after death; Police magistrate
  • P.O. – Post Office
  • POA – Power of Attorney
  • POE – Port of Entry
  • Por – porter
  • pp. – pages
  • PPA – per power of Attorney
  • pr. – proved; probated, prisoner
  • p.r. – parish record
  • preced. – preceding
  • PRO – Public Record Office
  • pro. – probate; proved
  • prob. – probable; probably
  • prop. – property
  • propr. – proprietor(s)
  • provis. – provision
  • pt. – point; port; petition; pint
  • ptf. – plaintiff
  • Pu – pupil
  • pub. – public; published; publisher; publication
  • pvt. – private
  • pymt. – payment

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  • q. – [Latin] quarto; oversize book
  • q.y. – query
  • r. – rector; rex; rejected; river; road
  • R. – Range; Rabbi; River; Road
  • rat. – rated
  • R.C. – Roman Catholic
  • rcdr. – recorder
  • rcpt. – receipt
  • RD – release of dower rights
  • re. – regarding
  • rec. – record
  • reg. – register
  • Reg. Gen. – Registrar General
  • rel. – relative
  • reld. – relieved
  • rel-i-l – relative-in-law
  • ren. – renunciation
  • rep. – report; representative; reprint; reprinted
  • repl. – replaced; replacement
  • repud. – repudiated
  • res. – research; residence; resides
  • respectiv. – respectively
  • ret. – retired
  • Rev. – Reverend; Revolutionary War
  • Rev. War – Revolutionary War
  • RG – Registered Genealogist
  • rgstr. – registrar
  • RIP – [Latin] requiescat in pace; rest in peace
  • rinq. – relinquished
  • Rom. – Roman
  • RR – railroad

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  • s. – son(s)/ soldier; survivor; spinster; successor; shilling
  • s. and h. – son and heir
  • Sa – sailor
  • Sal – saleslady
  • SAR – Sons of the American Revolution
  • SASE – self-addressed stamped envelope
  • Sb – stepbrother
  • Scl – step child
  • SCV – Sons of Confederate Veterans
  • s’d – said [found in legal documents]
  • scatt. – scattering; scattered
  • SDA – Seventh Day Adventists
  • Se – servant
  • S.E. – southeast
  • sec. – second; secretary; section; sector; security
  • serg. – sergeant
  • serv. – service; servant
  • sett. – settlers; settler
  • sev. – several
  • Sf – stepfather
  • sh. – share; ship
  • Si – sister
  • sil or Sl – son-in-law
  • sin. – [Latin] sine; without
  • sis. – sister
  • Sm – stepmother
  • sn. – [Latin] sine; without
  • s/o – son of
  • SO – Survivors’ Originals
  • soc. – society; societies
  • s.p. – [Latin] sine prole; without offspring
  • s.p.l. – [Latin] sine prole legitima; without legitimate offspring
  • s.p.m. – [Latin] sine prole mascula; without male offspring
  • spell. – spelling; spelled
  • spr. – sponsor
  • sr. – senior
  • srnms. – surnames
  • Ss – stepson
  • st. – saint; street
  • sup. – supply; superior
  • supt. or Su – superintendant
  • surg. – surgeon
  • SUV – Sons of Union Veterans
  • sw. – swear; sworn
  • syl.– syllable

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  • T. – Township
  • tak. – taken
  • Ten – tenant
  • terr. – territory
  • test. – testament
  • tho. – though
  • thot. – thought
  • thro. – through
  • TIB – Temple (Records) Index Bureau
  • tn. – town; township
  • top. – topographical
  • Tp. – Township
  • t.p. – title page
  • t.p.m. – title page mutilated
  • t.p.w. – title page wanting
  • tr. – troop; translated; translation
  • transcr. – transcribed
  • transl. – translation
  • treas. – treasurer
  • TRIB – Temple Records Index Bureau
  • TVA – Tennessee Valley Authority
  • twn. – town
  • twp. – township
  • ty. – territory

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  • U – uncle
  • UDC – United Daughters of the Confederacy
  • U.K. – United Kingdom
  • unasgd. – unassigned
  • unc. – uncle
  • unit. – uniting; united
  • unk. – unknown
  • unm. – unmarried
  • unorg. – unorganized
  • USCG – United States Coast Guard
  • USCT – United States Colored Troops
  • USMC – United States Marine Corps
  • USN – United States Navy
  • USWPA – United States Works Progress Administration

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  • v.a. – [Latin] vixit annos; (s)he lived (a certain number) years
  • var. – various; variation; variant
  • VFW – Veterans of Foreign Wars
  • Vi – visitor
  • VIP – Very Important Person
  • Vis. or Visc. – Viscount; Viscountess
  • vit. – vital
  • viz. – [Latin] videlicet; namely
  • V.L. – Vulgar Latin
  • vols. – volunteers; volumes
  • v.r. – vital records
  • vs. – versus
  • v.s. – vital statistics

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  • w. – wife; will; west; widow
  • Wa – warden
  • wag. – wagoner
  • Wai – waitress
  • W.B. – Will Book
  • W.D. – War Department
  • w.d. – will dated
  • wd. – widow; ward
  • wf/o – wife of
  • wh. – who; which
  • wit. – witness
  • wk(s). – week(s)
  • Wkm – workman
  • wnt. – wants
  • W.O. – Widow’s Originals
  • w/o – wife of
  • W.O. – Warrant Officer
  • w.p. – will probated; will proved
  • WPA – Works Progress Administration
  • WRHS – Western Reserve Historical Society
  • W.S. – Writer to the Signet
  • Wt – waiter
  • wtn. – witness
  • ww. – widow
  • ww/o – widow of
  • wwr. – widower

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  • X – a mark made by a person instead of a signature; Christ; Christian
  • x ch. – exchange
  • Xn. – Christian
  • Xnty. – Christianity
  • Xped. – Christened
  • Xr. – Christian
  • Xt. – Christ
  • Xtian. – Christian
  • Xty. – Christianity
  • y. – year
  • yd. – graveyard
  • yr. – year; younger; your

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